Colds are caused by viruses, which attach to cells that line the nose, throat and cells in the lower respiratory tract which cause coughing, runny nose, and sore throats.
Other symptoms may include: sneezing muscle aches, fever, headache and loss of appetite. Influenza (“flu”) is used to describe a particular type of virus that causes more severe illness than the common cold. To prevent influenza, individuals (especially those at a higher risk of getting the virus) may get the flu vaccine each year.
- Eating soup and drinking hot liquids often eases nasal congestion by loosening secretions.
- Drinking plenty of liquids, such as water, tea with honey and juice can help soothe your throat.
- Taking a hot shower or bath may help relieve your congestion and coughing.
- Washing your hands frequently will make you less contagious to your family and friends.
- Get plenty of rest so that you give your body time to recover!