Undermining Race: Ethnic Identities in Arizona Copper Camps, 1880–1920
Phylis Cancilla Martinelli
University of Arizona Press, 2009

Sociology professor Phylis Cancilla Martinelli looks at Italian immigrants in Arizona copper camps through their relationships with Anglo, Mexican and Spanish miners (and at times with blacks, Asian Americans and Native Americans), requiring a reinterpretation of the way race was formed and figured across place and time.

Martinelli argues that the case of Italians in Arizona provides insight into "in between” racial and ethnic categories, demonstrating that how Italians were categorized varied from camp to camp depending on local conditions and the choices immigrants made in forging communities of language and mutual support.

Martinelli looks closely at two "white camps” in Globe and Bisbee and at the Mexican camp of Clifton-Morenci. Comparing and contrasting the placement of Italians in these three camps shows how the usual binary system of race relations became complicated, which affected the existing race-based labor hierarchy, especially during strikes. The book provides additional case studies to argue that the biracial stratification system in the United States was in fact tri-racial at times.

According to Martinelli, this system determined the nature of the associations among laborers as well as the way Americans came to construct "whiteness.”

 

 

Communication and Social Understanding
Margaret Dick, Ellen Rigsby, Scott Schonfeltd-Aultman and Edward Tywoniak
Kendall Hunt, 2009

This book by four Saint Mary’s communication professors is designed to be used in the course "Communication and Social Understanding.” It deals with the relationship between communication and worldview, the relationship between communication and views of the self, and the relationship between communication and technology. Written in an accessible style, the book is one of few textbooks designed to encourage students to develop the skill of active interpretation.

One reviewer wrote, "I know of no other books designed to (encourage active interpretation), which means that the authors had to be creative and original in conceptualizing the book in ways that authors of conventional textbooks do not. They succeeded — this is a fun, exciting and fresh textbook.”

 

 

Financial Crises and Recession in the Global Economy, 3rd edition
Roy E. Allen
Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd., 2009

In this newly revised edition, Roy Allen, former dean of the School of Economics and Business Administration, explains major financial instabilities and trends across the global economy since the 1970s, including the crisis that began in 2008 and the long boom preceding it.

Allen expands our understanding of the most recent crisis through evolutionary and complex systems approaches, focusing on interactive knowledge and belief systems. He shows how various large-scale economic crises are driven more by psychological and social constructs than is commonly understood. In both boom and bust, financial markets absorb money away from GDP uses; capital and wealth can be created, transferred and destroyed across time and space more powerfully and independently of GDP processes than is commonly understood. He also advances our understanding of the free-trade versus mercantilism debate by showing that the U.S. economy has benefited from what he calls "money-mercantilism” at the expense of other regions of the world.

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