Archaeology and Prehistory

Subject Guides

These Subject Guides will be retired in December. You can start using the new Archaeology guide now. This page will no longer be updated. 

Update your bookmarks to

Or, navigate on the new website down to "Research Guides" 

New Research Guides

Search Tips:

 To find out if SMC owns a specific journal use the Periodicals List.   Use ILLiad to order articles not available at SMC

 Archaeology Databases

Anthropology Plus combines Anthropological Literature from Harvard University and the...

Current issues of American Anthropological Association's journals and bulletins as well as...

General Databases

Provides image and full-text online access to back issues of selected scholarly journals in the...


Discover articles and books from many of our databases.


Albert Search

Search Albert to find books, movies, etc..

Search Tip

For books on archaeology and antiquities from different regions, do a keyword or search on  the name of the region combined with the word antiquities:

  • Europe antiquities

 You can also search on eras in prehistory:

  • Stone age
  • Iron age
  • Paleolithic

Not finding what you need? Try Link+ for books from other libraries


To search Albert for videos (DVD's, VHS, and streaming) in the SMC Library collection, type key words or a title into the search box then click on the arrow on the right and change "Entire Collection" to "Films Videos"

Also try:

Films On Demand is a streaming video platform that makes it easy to incorporate outstanding...

Kanopy is a leading distributor of tertiary educational videos. Titles available in this...

VAST Academic Video Online features a single, fully integrated platform, offering access to tens...

The Archaeology Channel - Free online streaming video provided by the Archaeological Legacy Institute. Includes films of fieldwork from around the world, created by archaeologists. Also look at the monthly Video News from TAC.

To search the contents of ebooks try:

Proquest Ebook Central (formerly Ebrary) is a highly interactive eBook database from ebrary that...


Encyclopedias and Handbooks

Credo Reference Logo


Annual Review of Anthropology Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews,1972-.

Encyclopedia of Archaeology, San Diego, Calif. : Elsevier/Academic Press, 2008.

Encyclopedia of Archaeology: History and Discoveries. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2001.

Encyclopedia of Archaeology: The Great Archaeologists. (Ref 930.1 M966) 2 vols. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 1999.

Encyclopedia of Pre-history. (Ref 930 P413) 9 vols. New York: Kluwer/Plenum, 2001.

Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the Ancient World. (Ref. 930 B634) New York: Facts On File, 2008.

Handbook of Archaeological Methods. (Ref 930.1 M375) Lanham, MD: AltaMira, 2005.

Handbook of Archaeological Theories. (Ref 930.101 B446) Lanham, MD : AltaMira, 2008

- includes:

Collins Dictionary of Archaeology. (Ref 930.1 B148) Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio, 1993.

 Dictionary of Concepts in Archaeology. (Ref 930.1 M588) Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1993.

Encyclopedia of Ancient Civilizations. (Ref 930 C827) New York: Penguin, 1988.

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Archaeology. (Ref 930.1 K628) New York: Kluwer Academic, 2000.

The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology. (Ref 930.1 C916) Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009


Atlas of World Archaeology. (Ref 913 B148at) New York: Checkmark, 2000.

Archaeological Atlas of the World. (Ref Oversize 912 W587) San Francisco:L W.H. Freeman, 1975.

Past Worlds: The Times Atlas of Archaeology. (Ref Oversize 912 T482) Maplewood, NJ: Hammond, 1988.

World Atlas of Archaeology. (Ref Oversize 912 W850) Boston: G.K. Hall, 1985.

Special Topics

Blackwell Encyclopedia of Industrial Archaeology. (Ref 609 T736) Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1992.

The Cambridge Companion to Historical Archaeology. (Ref 930.1 H529) New York: Cambridge University, 2006

Dictionary of Artifacts. (Ref 930.1 K628d) Oxford: Blackwell, 2007

Encyclopedia of Human Evolution and Prehistory. (Ref 573.2 T189) New York: Garland, 1999.

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology. (Ref  614.1 B613) Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press, 2009

Handbook of Gender in Archaeology. (Ref 913.031 N337h) Lanham, MD : AltaMira, 2006.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial. (Ref. 393.09 T175) Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Underwater Archaeology: The NAS Guide to Principles and Practice. Oxford : Blackwell, 2009.

Cultural Atlas of Africa. (Ref 912.6 M964) New York: Facts on File, 1981.

Encyclopedia of Precolonial Africa: Archaeology, History, Languages, Cultures, and Environments. (Ref 960.2 V862) Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira, 1997.

Handbook of South American Indians. (Ref 970.8 St48) Washington, DC: U.S.G.P.O. 1946-59.

Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures: The Civilizations of Mexico and Central America New York: Oxford, 2006. 

Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology. Oxford: Oxford University, 2012.

Archaeology of Ancient Mexico and Central America: An Encyclopedia. (Ref 970.42 Ev16) New York: Garland, 2001.

Archaeology in America. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2009.

Archaeology of Prehistoric Native America: An Encyclopedia. (Ref 970.1 G352) New York: Garland, 1998.

Handbook to Life in the Ancient Maya World. (Ref 970.3 M451fo) New York: Facts on File, 2002.

Handbook of Middle American Indians. (Ref 970.42 W354) Austin, TX: University of Texas, 1964 -.

Handbook of North American Indians. (Ref 970.1 St97) Washington DC: Smithsonian, 1978 -.


The Cambridge History of Ancient China: From the Origins of Civilization to 221 B.C. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

New Cultural Atlas of China. (Ref. 911.51 C776). Tarrytown, NY: Marshall Cavendish, 2010.

Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania. (Ref.  301.03 W520) New York : Facts On File, 2009.

Cultural Atlas of Japan. (Ref 915.2 C685) New York: Facts on File, 1988.

Civilizations of the Ancient Near East. (Ref 939.4 Sa79) New York: Scribner, 1995.

New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. (Ref 933 St45) New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993.

New International Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology. (Ref 220.93 B573) Grand Rapids, MI: Regency Reference, 1983.

Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East.  New York: Oxford, 1997.

Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. New York: Oxford, 2001.

New Cultural Atlas of Egypt. (Ref. 911.32 G793) Tarrytown, NY: Marshall Cavendish, 2010.

The Princeton Dictionary of Ancient Egypt. (Ref. 932 Sh26p) Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, 2008.

The Routledge Handbook of the Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia. (Ref. 939.4 B843) New Yor, NY: Routledge, 2009.

Ancient Europe, 8000 BC to AD 1000: Encyclopedia of the Barbarian World. New York: Thompson/Gale, 2004.

Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015

Encyclopedia of Ancient History. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.

Encyclopedia of the History of Classical Archaeology. (Ref 938 D365) Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996.

Cultural Atlas of Russia and the Former Soviet Union. (Ref 914.7 M636) New York: Checkmark, 1998.

Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. (Ref 930 M297) Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997.

Ireland: An Oxford Archaeological Guide to Sites from Earliest Times to AD 1600. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2006. 

Oxford Classical Dictionary. (Ref 930 Ox2c) New York: Oxford, 1996.

Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization. (Ref 938 H783) New York: Oxford, 1998. 

Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and RomeNew York: Oxford University, 2010.


The accepted citation style for anthropology is now the Chicago Manual of Style. For help citing in Chicago Style see the SMC Guide. The full Chicago Manual of Style is also available online 

[Note: Some anthropology faculty still prefer the American Anthropological Association (AAA) Style. For help citing use the American Anthropological Association (AAA) Guide from SMC]

Writing Assistance

Questions about grammar and structure? Don't forget to refer back to your ENGL 3, 4 and 5 writing manuals. We have a couple of copies on Reserve if you need to quickly refer back to rules on commas, noun/pronoun agreement, structuring your paper, or other issues.

The Writing Center

Having trouble putting it all together? The SMC Center for Writing Across the Curriculum (or, "The Writing Center") offers peer-to-peer advising sessions for both undergraduate and graduate students. You can call or stop by to make an appointment, or can also drop in and do a session immediately, if an adviser is available. See their website for more information, or stop by the first floor of De La Salle Hall or call them: 925.631.4684 or email them


The Archaeology Channel - Provides access to streaming video and audio relating to archaeological excavations and projects. Presented by the Archaeological Legacy Institute (ALI).  Includes a half hour video news magazine presenting archaeological news from around the world.

 Bibliographies for Archaeological Research - Search bibliographic lists organized by subject. Such subjects include: Historical Archaeology, Thesis/Dissertations, and Human Origins. Organized by Tennessee Archaeology Net.

ECAI: Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative - "The Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative, based at University of California, Berkeley, is a global consortium of people who share the vision of creating a distributed virtual library of cultural information with a time and place interface".

Museum of Underwater Archaeology - Includes exhibits and information on underwater archaeology projects.

The Digital Archaeological Record (tDAR) - A digital depository of a variety on archaeological data hosted at Arizona State University. Includes, photographs, documents and more. It is free but requires that you create an account.

The Americas

 African American Archaeology, History and Cultures - Online access to the subjects of African American archaeology, history and cultures, and the African diaspora archaeology.

California Academy of Sciences: Anthropology Department - The database collection is highly visual, with many images to enjoy. Find online exhibitions, publications, and more.

C.E. Smith Museum of Anthropology - From CSU Hayward. Provides information about Bay Area archaeological projects, and short essays on historical archaeological topics of the Bay Area.

National Archaeological Database - Divided into three areas: NADB Reports, NADB-NAGPRA, and NADB-Maps.


 Archaeological Resource Guide for Europe: WWW Virtual Library for European Archaeology - Represents 38 countries, and looks at current archaeological communication and information. Browse by geographic area, by time period, or use the search page. Many pages are in a language other than English.

Middle East/Near East

Digital Karnak - Includes text and animations of the temple of the god Amun in Karna,

UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology - Articles on Ancient Egypt written by leading Egyptologists.