Subject Guides

Welcome to your Kinesiology subject guide! Please click the blue banners below to connect to key resources for the field of Kinesiology and related disciplines.

Reference databases

Reference books (encyclopedias and handbooks) are another great way to research a new topic. You can find all reference material by searching Albert, and limiting to “Reference Sources” in the pull down menu. Listed below are a selection of encyclopedias and other reference works:

You can find print books, e-books, and videos by searching our online catalog. A list of recently-acquired Kinesiology titles is also available.

Albert Search

Search Albert to find books, movies, etc..


Discover articles and books from many of our databases.

Article Databases

Medical Aspects

Sports Psychology or Sociology

Physical Education

Sports Management and Law

Publisher Databases

APA Citation

The accepted format for citing sources in the social sciences is the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). For help citing the most common sources, please refer to the Library's APA Format Guide. Additional APA citation resources include the Purdue OWL for APA Style and the APA Style Blog.

Creating an APA reference for a journal article: A tutorial for Kinesiology students

The Writing Center

The SMC Center for Writing Across the Curriculum (or, "The Writing Center") offers peer-to-peer advising sessions for both undergraduate and graduate students. You can call or stop by to make an appointment, or drop in for a session if an adviser is available. See their website for more information, stop by the first floor of De La Salle Hall (next to Hagerty Lounge), or call: 925-631-4684.

Amateur Athletic Union (AAU)

American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) - Promotes and integrates scientific research, education, and practical applications of sports medicine and exercise science to maintain and enhance physical performance, fitness, health, and quality of life.

American Kinesiology Association (AKA) - Promotes and enhances kinesiology as a unifed field of study and advances its applications.

American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine

American Physical Therapy Association

Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP)

National Athletic Trainer's Association (NATA)

National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)

North American Society for Sport History (NASSH)

North American Society for Sport Management (NASSM)

North American Society for the Sociology of Sport (NASSS)

Positive Coaching Alliance

Society of Health and Physical Educators (SHAPE)


Intergovernmental Organizations (IGO) Search


Non-governmental Organizations (NGO) Search

What is a primary source?

A primary source is a document or physical object, written or created during the time under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event. For examples of primary sources and tips for locating them, please see this handout. For additional history research guides, please see SMC Librarian Sue Birkenseer's, history subject guide(s).

Library Catalogs and Databases

To request items not available at SMC Library, please use Link+ or ILLiad.

Selected Reference Books and Databases

Digitized Primary Sources

In addition to the resources listed below, often a Google search for your topic and the phrase "digital collections", will yield results for digitally curated collections from high quality, reputable sources and institutions (e.g., "digital collections" sports history).

Newspaper Archives

The following do not include SMC Library's rich collection of newspaper databases. To access these, select newspapers as one of the categories from the A-Z List of Databases. Among these are the New York Times (Historical) and the San Francisco Chronicle (Historical).

  • California Digital Newspaper Collection (CDNC) - A freely accessible repository of digitized California newspapers from 1846 to the Present. Browse by title, date, or county. Includes San Francisco Call (San Francisco, 1890-1913), California Star (San Francisco, 1847-1848), Elevator (San Francisco, 1865-1898), Pacific Appeal (San Francisco, 1862-1880), Pacific Rural Press (San Francisco, 1871-1922), Weekly Alta California (San Francisco, 1849), and Wide West (San Francisco, 1854-1858).
  • Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers - Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1789 - 1924 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress.
  • Google News Archive Search - An extension of Google News that provides free access to scanned archives of newspapers and links to other newspaper archives on the web, both free and paid.
  • - The world's largest collection of online newspaper images, including hundreds of English language papers from California and around the world. SMC Library does not subscribe to this database. However, both Oakland Public Library (OPL) and San Francisco Public Library (SFPL) do. As residents of California, students are entitled to free library cards from any public library in California and can access the SFPL Newspaper Archive from anywhere with a valid SFPL card. Directions to the main SFPL from SMC.

Scholarly Journals