Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo


School of Liberal Arts » Ethnic Studies
School of Liberal Arts » History
School of Liberal Arts » Women's and Gender Studies
SMC Email Address: 
Contact Information: 

Office Hours, Fall 2018
MWF: 7:00-8:00; 10:30-12:30
and by Appointment

Galileo Hall - 310

Phone: 4593
Fax: 631-4490
Mail: P.O. Box 4730


  • Ph.D. Department of History, Duke University,, 1993
  • M.A., Department of History, San Fracisco State University,, 1988
  • B.A., Department of History, San Francisco State University, 1986

Professional Experience

Teaching Experience:

  • Professor, Department of History - Saint Mary's College of California (1993 - Present)
  • CSU-Hayward (1992)

Professional Experience:

  • Program/Planning Committee member, Revisiting the Summer of Love: Rethinking the Counterculture Conference (2017)
  • Consultant, National Park Service - World War II Home Front National Park (2000)
  • Consultant, Rosie the Riveter Memorial Project - City of Richmond (1997 - 1998)
  • Research Associate - Northern California Center for Afro-American History and Life (1987 - 1988)



Courses Taught

Recently Taught:

  • Disease in World History (Senior Thesis)
  • African American History
  • California History
  • Civil Rights Movement (January Term and Senior Thesis)
  • Multicultural History of American Women
  • U.S. Environmental History
  • U.S. History Survey
  • Collegiate Seminar
  • Community Organizing (January Term)
  • America in the Sixties (Senior Thesis)
  • 1968 (Senior Thesis)


Community Service at Saint Mary's:

  • Rank and Tenure Committee (multiple terms, including one as chair)
  • Academic Senate
  • History Department Chair
  • Director of Women's Studies
  • Women's Studies Advisory Board member
  • Ethnic Studies Advisory Board member
  • Undergraduate Curriculum Committee member
  • Diversity Committee member
  • Faculty Welfare Committee member
  • Grievance Committee member
  • Course Evaluation Task Force member
  • Collegiate Seminar Advisory Board member
  • Irvine Fellows Advisory Board member
  • Liberal Arts Dean Search Committee Chair
  • Social Historical and Cultural Understanding Working Group member.

Professional Associations:

  • Western Association of Women Historians
  • Western History Association
  • California Historical Society
  • American Historical Association
  • Organization of American Historians
  • American Association of University Professors

Professional Service:

  • Member SMC AAUP Executive Committee and AAUP National Committee on the Status of Women


Selected Presentations


  • Partners in Public History: Dialogues Across Communities (roundtable participant) Western Association of Women Historians annual meeting, Davis (April 28, 2018).
  • Telling Secrets: Reading the Silences and Confidences Surrounding Sexual and Domestic Violence (panel presentation) Organization of American Historians annual meeting, Sacramento (April 13, 2018).
  • San Francisco, 1967: The Summer of Love Revisited (panel presentation) Western History Association annual meeting, San Diego (November, 2017).
  • Gender Revolution: Counterculture Contributions to the Gender Revolution (panel moderator) San Francsisco Public Library (September 7, 2017).
  • Engendering Social Change: Feminsim, Sexual Freedom, and Gender-Transgressive Fashion in the Age of Aquarius (panel presentation) Northwestern University's Revisiting the Summer of Love: Rethinking the Counterculture Conference, San Francisco (July 2017).
  • The Long Sixties (invited speaker), Bay Area Book Festival (June 2017).
  • Women of the Counterculture (panel moderator) California Historical Society, San Francisco (May 2017).
  • San Francisco in 1967: The Summer of Love Reconsidered (panel presentation) American Historical Association annual meeting, Denver (January 2017).
  • Oral History in the Academy (roundtable participant) Regional Oral History Summer Workshop, U.C. Berkeley (August 2012).
  • Politics of the Counterculture (panel chair and commentator) Western Association of Women Historians annual meeting (May 2010).
  • The Pleasures and Perils of Conducting Oral History Research, (roundtable participant) Western History Association, Salt Lake City (October 2008).
  • The History of African American Migrant Women During World War II (speech) Oakland Museum of California (February 2008)
  • Through Biographical Filters: Women, Religion, and the Civil Rights Movement (panel chair and commentator) Western Association of Women Historians annual meeting (May 2003).
  • Restoring Women to History Through Historic Preservation (roundtable participant) Society for American City and Regional Planning annual meeting (November 2003).
  • Seeking El Dorado: African Americans in California, 1799-1999 (panel presentation) Western History Association Conference (October 1999).
  • Writing Oral History: Choices and Options (panel presentation) Oral History Association (October 1998).
  • Capital Flight and Grassroots Protest in Oakland's African American Community, 1945-1997 (panel presentation) Organization of American Historians Conference (April 1997).
  • Critical Perspectives on Working People of California: Future Directions for Labor Historian (panel presentation) Southwest Labor Studies Conference (February 1996).
  • Deindustrialization, Urban Poverty, and Community Mobilization in Oakland, California, 1945-1995 (panel presentation) American Historical Association, Pacific Coast Branch Conference, Maui (August 1995).
  • I Always Desired Independence, Never Wealth: African American Migrant Women in the Wartime East Bay (panel presentation) Southwest Labor Studies Association Conference, Santa Cruz
    (April 1994).
  • African American Migrant Women in the San Francisco Bay Area (panel presentation) American Historical Association, Pacific Coast Branch Conference, Los Angeles (August 1993).



  • Lemke-Santangelo, Gretchen, Cherny, Robert and Griswold de Castillo, Richard. 2013. Competing Visions: A History of California, Cengage (revised second edition).
  • Lemke-Santangelo, Gretchen. 2009. Daughters of Aquarius: Women of the Sixties Counterculture, University Press of Kansas.
  • Lemke-Santangelo, Gretchen. 1996. Abiding Courage: African American Migrant Women in the East Bay Community, University of North Carolina Press.

Book Chapters and Articles

  • Lemke-Santangelo, Gretchen. 2009. "Rethinking California History," California History, vol. 87, no. 1, 2009.
  • Lemke-Santangelo, Gretchen. 2004. "Women Made the Community: African American Migrant Women in the East Bay," in African American Migrant Women Confront the West,Taylor, Quintard and Moore, Shirley Ann, eds., University of Oklahoma Press.
  • Lemke-Santangelo, Gretchen. 2004. "Four Migrant Stories: African American Women in Wartime California," in The Human Tradition in California, Igler, David and Davis, Clark, eds., SR Books.
  • Lemke-Santangelo, Gretchen. 2001. "Deindustrialization, Urban Poverty and Community Mobilization in Oakland, California, 1945- 1990s," in Seeking El Dorado: African Americans in California, 1769-1999, de Graaf, Lawrence B. and Taylor, Quintard, eds., University of Washington Press.
  • Lemke-Santangelo, Gretchen. 2000. "New Lives in the West," in Major Problems in African American History, Holt, Thomas C. and Brown, Elsa Barkley, eds., Houghton Mifflin.
  • Lemke-Santangelo, Gretchen. 1995. "African American Migrant Women in the San Francisco East Bay Area," in American Labor in the Era of World War II, Miller, Sally M. and Cornford, Daniel, eds., Westport, CT: Praeger.
  • Lemke-Santangelo, Gretchen. 1991. "Conscientious Objection." in Readers' Companion to American History. Foner, Eric and Garraty, John A., eds., Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Lemke-Santangelo, Gretchen. 1989. "Radical Conscientious Objectors of World War Two: Wartime Experience and Postwar Activism." Radical History Review 45 (1989): 5-29


Book Reviews

  • Betty Luther Hillman, Dressing for the Culture Wars: Style and the Politics of Self-Presentation, American Historical Review, vol. 121, issue 3, June 2016.
  • Margaret Grundstein, Naked in the Woods: My Unexpected Years in a Hippie Commune, Pacific Northwest Quarterly, vol. 106, no. 3, Summer 2015.
  • Blake Slonecker, A New Dawn for the New Left: Liberation News Service, Montague Farm, and the Long Sixties, American Historical Review, vol. 118, issue 4, October 2013.
  • Kevin Starr, Endangered Dreams: The Great Depression in California, Journal of American History, vol. 85, no. 2, September 1998.

Honors, Awards & Grants



  • Faculty Scholars Award, Saint Mary's College (2013)
  • Wesley Logan Prize, American Historical Association (1996)
  • Irvine Fellowship, Saint Mary's College (1996)
  • American Dissertation Fellowship, American Association of University Women (1991-1992)
  • Andrew Mellon Fellowship, Duke University (1991-1992)
  • Anne Firor Scott Research Award, Duke University  (1990)
  • Syndor Fellowship, Duke University (1988-1991)
  • Graduate Student Award for Distinguished Achievement, San Francisco State University (1988)
  • Anne Firor Scott Research Grant - Duke University (1990)


Scholarly Interests: 


  • Research, Scholarly, Creative Interests
    • Black Migration
    • The African American Church
    • Civil Rights Movement
    • Feminist Theory
    • 20th Century Movements for Social Change
    • Race Relations and Ethnicity
    • History of American Women
    • Pacifism
    • California Studies
    • Urban Poverty
    • Sixties Counterculture
    • Oral History and Memory Studies
    • Medical History