Sexual Harassment Definition

Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when this conduct explicitly or implicitly affects an individual's employment, unreasonably interferes with an individual's work performance, or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work environment.

Sexual harassment can occur in a variety of circumstances, including but not limited to :

  • The victim, as well as the harasser, may be a person of any gender identity. The victim does not have to be of the opposite sex

  • The harasser can be the victim's supervisor, an agent of the employer, a supervisor in another area, a co-worker, or a non-employee

  • The victim does not have to be the person directly harassed but may be anyone who is affected by the offensive conduct

  • Unlawful sexual harassment may occur without economic injury to or discharge of the victim

  • The harasser's conduct must be unwelcome

 

Facts about Sexual Harassment (United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission) 

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964