The applicable definition of research is any systematic investigation, including research development (pilot testing); designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. A human subject is a living individual about whom a researcher (faculty or student) conducting research obtains (1) data through intervention or interaction with the individual or (2) identifiable private information.
Generally, student research involving human subjects falls into one of two categories: (1) research practica, and (2) directed or independent research projects.
Research practica are class projects designed to provide students an opportunity to practice various research methods such as interview, observation and survey techniques, as well as data analysis. Such projects typically do not lead to generalizable knowledge and are not undertaken with that goal in mind.
Research practica do not require IRB review unless, due to the vulnerability of subjects or the potential risk to subjects, the project falls into one of the following categories:
- Studies with participants who are children or other non-legally competent groups.
- Studies investigating illegal activities. (Including shoplifting, underage drinking, etc.)
- Studies in which participants are at risk of breach of confidentiality, such as one that asks about socially stigmatized behaviors and attitudes.
- Studies that place participants at risk due to emotionally charged subject matter.
- Studies involving deception.
If you are a faculty member designing a research practicum or intending to incorporate data gathering activities into your course, please review the section entitled Data Gathering Activities within Courses on this site.
Research Projects, Directed or Independent
Any research conducted by students, graduate or undergraduate, that does not fall under the definition of a research practicum, which uses human beings as subjects, and which is intended to contribute to generalizable knowledge, must be reviewed and approved by the IRB. This includes, but is not limited to, independent undergraduate research projects and honors theses, masters' theses and dissertations. It is possible that a research project may be exempt from ongoing IRB review, but it must meet explicit criteria and the IRB staff must approve the exemption.
Responsibility of Student Advisors
It is the responsibility of faculty advisors to ensure that research pratica are conducted according to the ethical standards of the relevant discipline.
It is the responsibility of faculty advisors to determine when an undergraduate student project does not meet the definition of a practicum and must be reviewed by the IRB.
When student research activities are not practica, it is the responsibility of faculty advisors to assist students in preparing review materials for the IRB and to ensure that the research is conducted in accordance with ethical principles and legal obligations.